2012-2013

Visiting Speakers 2012-203

 

4- 8 November 2012 - Dr. Hiroko Ikuta

 

Dr. Hiroko Ikuta  is a subsistence resource specialist and researcher at the State of Alaska Division of Subsistence. She supervises and conducts research with numerous indigenous communities in the state.

Dr. Ikuta held one informal seminar on the State of Alaska policies for subsistence with a special focus on fishing quotas. She also worked closely with many members of the project who are working together on the Yukon-Alaska region.

 

 

8 March 2013 - Jürg Endres

Mr. Jürg Endres is a PhD candidate at the Free University of Berlin. He has conducted long-term fieldwork among the reindeer herding Duka of Northern Mongolia and the Todzhu of Tuvan Russia focusing on their ecological relationships.  He gave a lecture entitled The Dukha and the Todzhu and consulted with our project group.

 

 

Abstract

The Dukha, who nomadise in the forests and mountains of the northernmost corner of Mongolia, and the Todzhu, who live just across the border in the Tuva Republic of the Russian Federation, are two closely related groups of ethnic Tuvan reindeer herder-hunters who became separated from each other only as recently as the 1950s, when the long process of delineating the border between Tuva, or by that time rather the Soviet Union, and Mongolia was completed. The two groups live in environments which are ecologically virtually identical, and share the same culture, religion, language and traditional economy. Ever since this separation, however, they have been living in two distinctively different political and legal environments, and this has cast them onto two quite different development trajectories. The lecture seeks to isolate and compare the specific effects of mostly political factors on the vulnerabiliy and resilience of both groups, mainly by taking a look at how these have had an impact on their adaptive capacity, livelihood strategies and cultural transmission mechanisms. It hereby also aims at exploring (and perhaps expanding) the limits of contemporary frameworks such as resilience theory which has recently been criticised by political ecologists for not engaging enough with issues of policy and power.